I went to see my fifth plastic surgeon last week. She told me that I only needed one week without smoking a cigarette for her to operate on me. I found this odd because it seems like that wouldn't be enough time for the nicotine to be out of my system and my lungs cleared. Is that true?
How Long Should You Quit Smoking Before Plastic Surgery?
Doctor Answers 10
How long should you quit smoking before plastic surgery?
Typically, we recommend at least 6 weeks of smoking cessation prior to and at least 6 weeks after any surgical procedure. The longer, the better. Nicotine always increases the risk for infection, skin flap necrosis, and wound complications, as well as other health consequences. There is an increase pulmonary risk with the anesthesia and postop lung infections. The most devastating consequence of infection, especially since the tissue is tightened, is increased. This along with wound healing and scarring. Some surgeons will refuse to operate on smokers and often check urine or blood levels prior. I would discuss this with your surgeon prior to your procedure. Hope that this helps! Best wishes!
How Smoking Retards Healing
Smoking has a deleterious effect on cutaneous blood vessels. The nicotine found in cigarettes increases the level of a pituitary hormone called vasopressin ( ADH or anti-diuretic hormone). Vasopressin in turn leads to peripheral vasoconstriction (tightened blood vessels) and probably localized dermal ischemia ( decreased blood flow into an area). This results in poorer and more prolonged healing.
Nicotine has a short half-life, of about two hours. As a rule of thumb if you multiply the half-life by five, nicotine should be out of your system in ten hours. Therefore I would say that the last plastic surgeon was correct in telling you that you should quit a week before the surgery.
It goes without saying that you should not smoke in the weeks after surgery for better healing.
Also, if you are having the procedure to look younger, smoking is especially foolhardy. It is pretty well established that smoking causes wrinkles. I would refer you to the December 2007 issue of the Archives of Dermatology. The lead story compared identical twins, and showed the prominent wrinkling in the smoking twin compared to her copy. Rather than delve into this again, access my earlier post on the subject on RealSelf.
Quitting smoking - depends on cosmetic surgery procedure
It really depends on what you are having done. You don't really have to quit smoking at all but would be increasing risks for wound healing and possibly pulmonary and cardiac difficulties. Quitting smoking can actually be stressful in the short term.
Of course, it would be best if you never smoked at all. If you smoke a couple of cigarettes on Friday after work, that's really no problem. If you have smoked 2 packs a day for 20 years, most studies suggest that 8 weeks off the cancer sticks will substantially reduce risks (pulmonary and wound). It would not reverse any coronary disease but the blood would be better oxygenated during the operation. This recommendation is for substantial operations.
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Here is the reason why: the nicotine in cigarettes and other tobacco products (including Nicorette gum, patches, etc) is a vasoconstrictor, meaning it makes the Smoking is a significant multiplier of many potential complications following surgery and breast augmentation with implants are no exception. Nicotine from smoking causes blood vessels to vasoconstrict ( tighten up). Over time, these constricted arteries and capillaries deliver less blood to the breast tissue which is needed for normal healing. Smokers therefore have an increased incidence of higher likelihood of complications such as infection, and in particular capsular contracture (hardening and distortion of the implants). General complications of surgery such as blood clots, anesthetic problems such as pneumonia are also increased.
A scientific article in the Archives of Internal Medicine indicated that, among all forms of surgery, quitting smoking eight weeks prior was never associated with an increased risk of complications.
In young patients you will probably statistically avoid these complications, why tempt fate by increasing your odds that something bad will happen.On a long term basis, smoking also causes accelerated aging of the skin and loss of elasticity. Hopefully these reasons will help give you the will power and courage to stop smoking.
Smoking and plastic surgery
How long should you stop smoking before surgery
Thanks for your question -
As you've read from the other surgeons, smoking is a serious risks for complications. In addition to wound healing problems and possible tissue necrosis, you also risk anesthesia complications.
Usually a month is enough time to begin to minimize your risk. Remember, this doesn't only mean stopping smoking but avoiding nicotine gum, the patch or other sources of nicotine which can contribute to problems.
Also, be sure to have a plan for avoiding smoking during your recovery period. Many times patients can be at greater risk for relapse because you have increased downtime while your recovering and boredom or anxiety can contribute to the desire to smoke.
I hope this helps!
Quitting smoking before plastic surgery
The thing you need to understand is that the nicotine constricts the blood flow in the tissues and can cause the tissue to turn black and die and result in very prolonged healing, possible further surgeries and bad scars. This is especially true in cases where the skin is widely undermined such as in a facelift, breast lift, breast reduction or tummy tuck.
You should stop for a full month before and another month after surgery if you are having one of these risky operations. Breast augmentation and eyelid surgeries carry much less risk for example.
I personally have a patient on my surgery schedule for a breast lift and she only stopped smoking 3 days ago, just 2 weeks before surgery despite my warnings. I have cancelled her surgery date and moved it to 2 weeks later so she will be off nicotine (second hand smoke is just as bad too) for a full 4 weeks!
We generally advise to stop smoking 4 weeks before surgery.
It really depends on the type of surgery you are having performed and the extent of tissue undermining. Removing a small facial mole is very different from a body lift surgery.
That having been said, most studies have shown that there is significant benefits to stopping smoking 4 weeks or more before surgery.
Smoking not recommended before and after Surgery
Smoking and alcohol usage before and after surgery is not recommended due to an increased risk of complications such as bleeding, scarring, wound healing problems or poor cosmetic outcome. I ask my patients to refrain from smoking four weeks before and four weeks after surgery. Good Luck with your surgery!
These answers are for educational purposes and should not be relied upon as a substitute for medical advice you may receive from your physician. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911. These answers do not constitute or initiate a patient/doctor relationship.