Risks of chin and jaw liposuction
I love this question because I think the risks of this procedure can be a little understated at times.
Essentially what you're surgeons have told your true. There is risk of nerve damage though it is slight. However, most providers now will use some laser assisted technology such as SLimLipo or Smartlipo. What is that mean? It means that the nerves and muscles of the jowl and corner of mouth are it slightly increased risk. So can you have some with weakness or nerve damage that could last weeks to months after this procedure? You absolutely can. I've seen it another patient's father offices and I've seen it in my own patients. I Mark the patient's anatomy and jowl preoperatively and deliberate effort to avoid those specific spots where nerves are crossing but also treat the jowl and other problem areas as effectively as I can. What I explained to the patient's is is that we can be more aggressive and treat more the face but with increased risk to a temporary impairment or damage to some of the nerves providing muscular movement of the mouth and lips. This usually is pretty slight and other people do not notice it but use the patient certainly do. If you're willing to take that risk and deal with a week corner of the mouth or lower lip for a number of weeks and possibly months they need generally can get a better improvement. It's always a trade-off. That being said I still treat patients with this technology as aggressively as I can within the boundaries of safety but if the patient and I have have that conversation about the risks and they want as much as they can without actually having a facelift then I would say 10% of the time patients have some temporary weakness of at least one side of the lower lip. I've never had any permanent issues but I like it that you've asked this question because again I feel like chin and jaw life of section is described as a procedure that is without risk and that is not true.
I hope that is helpful
Facial nerve injury is a risk of jowl liposuction
While standard or laser Assisted liposuction is safe in the neck area, great care must be exercised when attempting liposuction in the jowl area.
The Marginal Mandibular Branch of the Facial Nerve runs near the surface of the skin unprotected by the SMAS or Platysma Muscle just below the corner of the mouth in the Pre-Jowl Sulchus just in front of the jowl.
If the Margiunal Mandibular Nerve is injured muscles which hold the corner of the mouth in position are paralyzed creating a very visible and catastrophic deformity of the mouth. The smile can be grossly distorted following this nerve injury and the deformity is usually permanent.
Board Certified Plastic Surgeons are trained to understand the location of this nerve and avoid it during facelift procedures.
Liposuction in the jowl area subjects this nerve to risk of injury.
Unfortunately many doctors who are attempting facial liposuction are not board certified plastic surgeons and many are unaware of facial nerve anatomy and the risk of Marginal Mandibular Nerve Injury.
If you are considering liposuction in the Jowl area be certain to see a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon and ask him/her what streps they will take to avoid injury to the Marginal Mandibular Nerve.
Detailed anatomic drawings of this nerve are available in my Book Facial Danger Zones.
Jowl liposuction is effective and safe
Liposuction of the jowl is a safe and effective procedure that can be performed under local anesthesia in an office setting, with or without minimal oral sedation. The scars are well concealed and minimized by placing them just behind the base of the earlobe. Regardless of the technique utilized (traditional, VASER, laser-lipolysis, power-assisted), I found that with efficient superwet local anesthesia, patients experience minimal bruising and tenderness.
However, patients should expect swelling that may persist anywhere from two to four weeks. Patients are encouraged to massage several times daily. Nerve injury is exceedingly uncommon with good surgical technique and anatomic knowledge. I would agree that nerve transection is difficult, but not impossible. Nerve injury or neuropraxia can result from the liposuction instrument or post-operative swelling, but invariably returns anywhere from days to weeks after the procedure.
Liposuction of the Jowl Region
It’s important to exercise extreme
caution when performing liposuction of the jowl region. In this area the marginal mandibular
nerve lies in a superficial location where it can be easily injured. Injury of this nerve can have
significant consequences including distortion of the lips when patients smile.
Although injuries to the marginal
mandibular nerve are uncommon they do occasionally occur. The vast majority of these injuries
result from the nerve being stretched and tend to resolve with time. In rare cases injuries may be
For this reason it’s important to
consult a board certified plastic surgeon who understands the anatomy in this
area. Under these circumstances
the procedure can be performed safely.
Risk for jowl liposuction
It is very rare to get nerve loss from liposuction of the jowls, since the nerve is deep to the muscle and there is no fat in that area. The best treatment for jowls is not liposuction, it is re-suspending the jowls back up into the buccal space where they descended down from with either a mini lift or a face lift. Liposuction of the jowls can leave irregularities and undulations in that area, so we do not perform that procedure
Risks associated with jowl liposuction
It is not impossible to cut the nerve during liposuction of the jowl area but in the hands of an experienced surgeon the risk is relatively low. I have been seeing an increasing number of complications due to laser-assisted liposuction probably due to the surgeon not moving the laser fiber fast enough and letting it dwell in a certain area too long which causes burns to the skin. It's important to know that any procedure is only as good as the surgeon performing it so it's important to ask your surgeon how many cases they've performed and how many if any complications they've had and how they dealt with these and what were the outcomes.
Liposuction in the jowel area is definitely higher risk for nerve injury - especially PAL. Sometimes there is temporary nerve injury from inflammation or stretching of the nerve. However, if you have a lot of hanging tissue or fullness in the jowel area, you may need a facelift to pull and tighten this area - it's impossible to say what procedure you need without examining you. In general, I recommend you go to an experienced surgeon who has performed liposuction in this area. They will be able to discuss the risks, benefits, and alternatives to helping you create the appearance you desire.
Dr. Cat Begovic M.D.
Nothing is impossible. There are risks with anything and everything. However, when carefully performed, in good hands, complications from jowl Liposuction are extremely rare. It is important that the liposuction be superficial to the underlying musculature. In general, I performed jowl liposuction in conjunction with liposuction of the neck when appropriately indicated. I may also perform this liposuction in conjunction with a face/neck lift procedure.
When done properly by a highly skilled surgeon, risks will be minimized when performing jowl liposuction. But there is still risk of nerve damagae with any liposuction of the face. And I would not recommend power assisted liposuction to the face. I would really need to see photos to give you the best advice. If you wish, you may send me any photos and I would be happy to give you my opinion on whether or not you would be a candidate for liposuction of the jowls. My contact info is listed in my profile. Thank you and best of luck.
Neck and jowls liposuction
Liposuction of the chin and Jowls can be done fairly safe. Temporary nerve problems can occur due to swelling, bleeding around the nerve cheek chin interface but usually this subsides fairly soon.
On the other hand if your cheeks and jowls have extra skin (not just fat!) you may need a face lift to correct the "square appearance" of your face.
As mentioned by the other surgeons ask for an experienced Plastic Surgeon and than ask him/her the question if liposuction alone will do the job.
Thanks for your inquiry and good luck!