Can the doctor put a cast/splint of some sort to help it heal straight? If not, do I wait for it to heal and then seek plastic surgery to fix it?
What is the Protocol for Fixing Newly Broken Nose?
Doctor Answers 16
Nasal Fracture Treatment
The reduction procedure will also depend upon the degree of displacement you sustained. Your surgeon will decide and discuss this with you. My suggestion is to fix your nose before it heals, if all you want is to have the nose you had before your injury. If you are looking for cosmetic improvements, you can either do it at the same time as the fracture repair, or you may have to delay the surgery until the nose has healed enough to perform cosmetic rhinoplasty.
How to treat a newly broken nose
The first thing is to be seen in the Emergency Room or by an ENT/Facial Plastic Surgeon to ensure there is no septal hematoma (i.e. blood trapped underneath the mucosa covering your septal cartilage). If not diagnosed early, the cartilage will be without a blood supply resulting it dying/absorbing and the bridge collapsed. This is an easy issue to address, but needs to be diagnosed early i.e. within the first 1-2 days after the injury.
Next is to be seen by an ENT/Facial Plastic Surgeon approximately one week after the trauma. The reason is that a fractured nose is a clinical diagnosis (i.e. does it look crooked, off center, depressed, etc.) This can’t be determined for 7 days because of the swelling. Swelling will fool the best of eyes the first week. X-rays are of NO value in determining a fracture. If a fracture line is seen on the X-ray, it still can’t tell the surgeon if that is a current fracture, or one from years ago. The x-ray doesn’t tell the timing, and a CT is the same.
If it is determined that there has been a recent trauma, typically the surgeon will want to perform a closed nasal reduction within the 7-10 day period after the trauma. During this time frame the swelling is gone, and the bones are now becoming “sticky” as they are starting to heal. Typically, the patient is taken to the operating room for a very brief (10-15 min) anesthetic, during which time the bones are moved back into their previous anatomic state, absorb-able gauze is placed beneath the nasal bone and a metal splint is placed on the outside to help stabilize the bone to heal in the correct position.
Should the above closed nasal reduction not be successful, the patient is then taken back to the operating room at 6 weeks or any time thereafter to formally re-fracture the nose in a much more controlled manner using osteotomies (similar to delicate chisels) and then properly set with a splint.
Hope you found this answer helpful. All the best!
In many cases a newly broken nose may be repaired with local anesthetic in an office setting.
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Broken Nose Treatment
However, in my practice I have reduced nasal fractures at every possible time - immediately, 2 days, 2 weeks, 2 years, 20 years! The primary difference is that if the bones have healed, then the fracture lines need to be recreated by "re-breaking" the nose. I have not noticed any difference in the outcomes of these different groups, in my hands.
A surgeon who performs frequent rhinoplasty would find this to be a routine and relatively minor procedure. A general ENT doctor or plastic surgeon who does not perform frequent rhinoplasty, however, may find this to be a challenge.
I always prefer to see a patient with a nasal fracture as soon as possible. That keeps all the options open for them and gives the best chance for the best result.
Seek attention sooner rather than later!
When corrective surgery is performed within three weeks of the fracture, closed nasal reduction is performed.This is a relatively simple procedure that re-positions and stabilizes the nasal bones.If repair isn’t done within three weeks of injury, corrections need to be delayed for one year and then a formal rhinoplasty performed.
The nose should be evaluated as soon as possible after the trauma to rule out a septal hematoma (a blood clot within the septum) which could cause permanent damage to the nasal structure. If present the hematoma should be evacuated immediately. If not, wait about 10 days to determine if there has been a change in nasal appearance or breathing obstruction. If neither has occured, treatment of the fracture is not necessary. With deviation of the nasal bones, they can be manually repositioned without making incisions within the nose. If it is determined there is more severe injury with breathing obstruction or displacement of the cartilagenous structures I would do a comlete rhinoplasty to reduce the fractures. Timing depends on the severity of the injury.
Nasal bone fracture
A splint will not help it heal straight. If the nose is crooked it must first be reset to straighten it. If the nose is not reset with in the first 10 days, as the nasal bones can be shifted during this time, then usually it is best to wait 3 months.
Timing of nasal fracture repair.
There are 3 basic time points in which a nasal fracture can be repaired.
Fix broken nose within ten days or wait eight weeks
The nose must be evaluated on two fronts: breathing and external appearance.
Assuming there is not major blockage preventing breathing, which is the only bonafide broken nose emergency, either the correction of breathing/appearance is done within the ten days after injury or one waits to operateuntil the bones have welded together, which is usually by eight weeks later.
The cosmetic nasal surgery specialist must perform a complete evaluation at the time of consultation after the accident. Must evaluate the degree of injury to the internal and external support structures. Must also evaluate the swelling since you cannot do the best work until the swelling goes down; typically that is within one week.
After ten days, that first window of repair opportunity is lost because the bones start to heal in whatever position they are in. So, the surgeon waits until the next appropriate time which is at the eight week mark by which time the bones are solid enough to be re-positioned.
You must understand that often, despite the best talent, there is a need for a touch-up after the original procedure, whether within that first window or later. This is because Nature can be unpredictable and set down some extra bone which might present as a little bump that was not present prior to the injury.
Finally, it is helpful to the surgeon if you bring photos of your appearance prior to accident. The doctor needs to know what your nose was like orignally.
3 times for correction
I fix broken noses at three different time - 1 at the time of injury if there is little swelling - if swolen, I wait 7 to 14 days and do a closed reduction. If you have waited longer than 2 to 3 weeks before seeing a doctor, I wait until it heals and then fix it with and open reduction at 3 months.
These answers are for educational purposes and should not be relied upon as a substitute for medical advice you may receive from your physician. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911. These answers do not constitute or initiate a patient/doctor relationship.