What is the best Laser Treatment for Rosacea?

I am a 51 yr old female with redness on my checks. I was diagnosed with rosacea, but still don't have all the classic symptoms. I want to get rid of the redness and recently had three IPL treatments for $500 that really made no improvement. Is there something better or did I just not have enough treatments yet. Thank you.

Doctor Answers 8

Rosacea Treatments

IPLs work well, but like anything, it depends what kind of IPL was used (there are over 40 on the market, some which require 6 treatments to achieve what a high powered IPL can do in 1), as well as the settings used for the condition being treated. I would be evaluated by a board-certified dermatologist specializing in laser therapy (and who owns various different devices) to pick which laser or light treatment is best for you.

San Diego Dermatologic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 66 reviews

Vascular Beam Laser

Rosacea is a common skin condition that frequently begins as a tendency to flush or blush easily. People can develop persistent redness in the center of the face and it can spread beyond the nose and cheeks to the forehead and chin.

In my office I like to treat Redness with Vbeam laser by Candela/Syneron. Vbeam stands for Vascular beam and will treat all things red. This laser is very effective for Rosacea, facial veins, leg veins, port wine stains, etc.

Although IPL can improve broken vessels and redness, I believe that the Vbeam is gold standard for these types of treatments. It’s also safe to use on many different skin types. You generally need a series of treatments for the best results.

The Vbeam can certainly improve your Rosacea/redness, but it is also important for you to know that once you are treated, you can have a Rosacea flare up depending on your triggers. The most common trigger is sun exposure, remember to use an SPF 50 daily and seek shade when possible. Certain foods and drinks can also trigger a flare up, such as spicy foods, hot drinks, caffeine and alcoholic beverages.

It is best to consult with a Board Certified Dermatologist to ensure this option is best for you.

Nissan Pilest, MD
Irvine Dermatologic Surgeon
4.7 out of 5 stars 17 reviews

Laser treatment of rosacea

The pulsed dye laser or the 532nm KTP laser are far superior, in my opinion, to reduce the blood vessels and general redness associated with rosacea. I rarely use IPL for this indication. The lasers are more specific for blood vessel eradication and usually show rather dramatic reduction in redness after 1-3 treatments in most cases. Good luck. 

Jason R. Lupton, MD
San Diego Dermatologic Surgeon
4.3 out of 5 stars 7 reviews

Rosacea, laser treatment options

You should have seen some improvement with the three IPL treatments.  Keep in mind IPL is not  a true laser but rather a light source, and while it has some advantages such as larger field of treatment, less discomfort, downtime, etc it also has the disadvantages including having less concentrated light selectively absorbed by the vessels.   You may want to try some other laser to specifically target the vessels such as PDL (pulsed dye laser) or my favorite the 532 nm KTP.  Sometimes laser resurfacing as with a CO2 fractional laser improves the rosacea as well as the skin quality.  There are advantages and disadvantages to each.  There are several companies that make these lasers and each will claim theirs is the best.  You can optimize the treatment results by: avoiding anticoagulant/anti platelet drugs such as aspirin, alcohol for a week or two prior and after the treatment.  Avoid sun and tanning for same time.  Although Rosacea may be caused by many factors, such as infection, hormones, etc. medical treatment should be undertaken first and during laser treatment.  There are many degrees of Rosacea including Acne rosacea, rhinophyma (one of those Oh My Gosh treatments) and others.

Richard O. Gregory, MD
Orlando Plastic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 11 reviews

Laser treatment for Rosales

Things to consider- not all IPL machines are the same.  In my office we use the BBL which is considered to be one of the best.  Also, how experienced or qualified is the person who is doing your treatments?  
For stubborn rosacea, we will consider the pulsed dye laser, which is still the most effective laser for treating red conditions.  The main downside to PDL is that it causes bruising which can last for about a week.  Laser is not a cure for rosacea but a series of treatments usually helps quite a bit.  For many patients it is worth it to have a bit of bruising for a few days to get noticeable improvement.

Richard Ort, MD
Lone Tree Dermatologic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 22 reviews

Rosacea and IPL

IPL systems can be very successful to improve the redness and flushing that is associated with rosacea. Good luck.

Steven Wallach, MD
New York Plastic Surgeon
4.1 out of 5 stars 24 reviews

Rosacea treatments

IPL is one of the best treatments for rosacea.  However not all IPL machines are the same, and the person doing the treatment can make a big difference.  We use multiple passes of different pulse durations which can improve the rosacea quite a bit.  After 2-3 treatments you should see a marked improvement.  You may want to seek out a different provider.  

John J. Martin, Jr., MD
Coral Gables Oculoplastic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 24 reviews

Pulsed dye laser is best for redness of rosacea.

The tiny superficial vessels of rosacea are very similar to the capillaries that make up port-wine birthmarks (capillary malformations), and the best treatment for both is pulsed dye laser. The wavelength (585nm) is highly absorbed by oxyhemoglobin, and the pulse duration (450 microseconds) at the appropriate energy is  selected to match the thermal relaxation times of the target vessels. In other words, this laser was designed to treat exactly these close-to-the-surface tiny capillaries with out damaging normal tissues or deeper vessels.

Port-wine stain vessels are more dense and layered in the upper layers of the skin (like cooked spaghetti noodles), whereas rosacea vessels are fewer and less "tangled," more like a lacy network of vessels. This means that red or pink birthmarks may take multiple treatments for maximum lightening, but most rosacea vessels respond quite nicely with a single (proper energy and skilled treatment technique) pulsed dye laser treatment (depending on the severity and degree of redness any individual rosacea patient).

Each pulse of the laser is extremely short (about half of a thousandth or a second) but extremely high energy, and feels like a spatter of hot grease from a frying pan. (Too many doctors told their patients for years that a pulse from this laser felt like a rubber band snap on the skin. They must have never tried a test shot of the laser on their own skin--it's darn uncomfortable!) And since each spot is only 5,7, or 10mm in diameter, it takes several hundred pulses to treat an entire facial rosacea area. So, IV sedation is recommended. 25 years ago I treated my patients with this laser using only oral Valium and IM Demerol. Children were anesthetized.

For my patients undergoing pulsed dye laser treatment today, I recommend IV sedation using Remifentanyl (a very short-acting strong narcotic) and Versed (a short acting sedative, relaxant, and amnesiac).

The major downside to pulsed dye laser treatment is dark blue-black or purple bruising that occurs immediately during treatment. This is because the laser energy destroys the unwanted vessels by essentially "bursting" the vessel. The laser energy is selectively absorbed by the blood in the vessel, which is heated up by this energy in the fraction of a second of exposure, causing the vessel to rupture beneath the surface of the skin, and then "turning off" the laser energy (because of the short pulse duration) before there is heat damage to surrounding structures. Occasionally, the surface of the skin can develop a tiny blister, but careful energy selection and precise beam overlap will minimize these effects (and is why an experienced laser surgeon should be selected to perform this treatment, not just someone who has access to a pulsed dye laser).

The bruise is not unlike a black eye, and reabsorbs over 7-10 days. A well-performed treatment will have no blistering, and cover make-up can be used, but heavy Covermark or DermaBlend make-ups that are required until the bruising is gone. But once gone, the vessels are truly obliterated, and since the laser energy does not go any deeper than the unwanted vessels, the skin remains perfectly normal in texture, pores, and now has its normal (non-red) color. One treatment is usually all that is required, and new rosacea vessels will take years to return (since the laser treatment doesn't "cure" rosacea, only treats the secondary vessels that develop). It works, and it's well worth it.

IPL (intense pulsed light) or BBL (broad band light) treatments work similar to the laser, but essentially throw ALL the wavelengths of visible light at the unwanted vessels. This means that while the "proper" wavelengths for hemoglobin absorption are present in IPL or BBL energy, so are ALL of the unneeded wavelengths. This means more heat, more potential for damage to the skin, and therefore the need to use less energy overall. Your practitioner used a "safe" but ineffective energy setting. Unfortunately, sometimes an effective energy setting also means that there will be skin thermal damage at the same time as vessel thermal damage. That leaves a potential for scarring, which is why your practitioner was cautious, but also why the treatments were ineffective. Appropriate response to (well-performed) IPL should be seen in one or two treatments.

I'd suggest selecting a Plastic Surgeon or Dermatologist skilled and experienced in pulsed dye laser treatment. Here's why: your IPL practitioner is probably as frustrated as you are. "One more time, but THIS TIME I'll crank up the energy and get those vessels." Perhaps; but perhaps burns and scarring. I've seen it.

So use the laser that was custom-designed for vessels just like the ones you want to get rid of--Pulsed dye laser. V-beam is another alternative, but has longer shutter times, and therefore more thermal input, and slightly higher risk of blistering. I use pulsed dye laser for all of my rosacea patients because the parameters are precisely what those vessels require. Depending on size of the area to be treated, cost is $1500-2000 TOTAL. I hope this helps. Best wishes! Dr. Tholen

Richard H. Tholen, MD, FACS
Minneapolis Plastic Surgeon
4.9 out of 5 stars 238 reviews

These answers are for educational purposes and should not be relied upon as a substitute for medical advice you may receive from your physician. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911. These answers do not constitute or initiate a patient/doctor relationship.