After distinguishing the difference between hypertrophic scars and keloids.
I would recommend silicone gel sheets , massaging the scar, Kenalog injections.
in extreme cases of Hypertrophic scars a scar revision can be done followed by the aforementioned methods to minimize scarring.
Best of Luck!
Hypertrophic scars and keloid treatment
You must first distinguish between hypertrophic scars and keloids. The former generally tend to grow for up to two years but then mprove over time after that. Keloids tend to exhibit continuous growth.
Hypertrophic scars are commonly associated with wounds that exhibit delayed healing: tissue loss, healing by secondary intention, third degree (full thickness burns), etc.
IF your scars are hyperftophic, they will tendi to resolve. However, interventions which have been recommended include:
- Topical paper tape therapy
- Topical or intralesional steroids
- Topical silicone gel preparations or sheeting
Although Cocoa butter, Vitamin E, or Mederma have been touted by other practitioners, there is minimal scientific data to fully support these claims.
Best hypertrophic scar treatment?
Hello! Thank you for the question! It is common for scars to fully mature for up to a year. In the meantime, there are a few things that may help to ameliorate your incision/scar. The most proven (as well as cheapest) modality is simple scar massage. Applying pressure and massaging the well-healed scar has been shown to improve the appearance as it breaks up the scar tissue, hopefully producing the finest scar as possible. Other things that have been shown to add some benefit, albeit controversial, are silicone sheets, hydration, and topical steroids. In addition, avoidance of direct sunlight to the incision will significantly help the appearance as they tend to discolor with UV light during the healing process.
If unsightly scars are still present after approximately a year's time, other things that your surgeon may consider are intralesional steroid injections, laser, or just surgical revision of the scar itself. For hypertrophic scars, if that's what yours is and not a keloid scar, steroid injections will likely help - to decrease the size, flatten, decrease redness/itching, etc.
Hope that this helps! Best wishes!
Best and Safest Hypertrophic Scar Treatment if the 1540 Non Ablative Fractional Laser
Pressure, massage, Silicone Tape and Steroids have been mainstays of the treatment of Hypertrophic Scars for years. MOst serious Hypertrophic Scars eventually are treated with either Steroid Skin Tape or Steroid injection.
However, although the Steroid does reduce the Hypertrophic Scar, all too often the Steroid Injection causes complications:
Atrophy of Fat-the fat beneath the scar dissolves and the wound or scar widens and becomes depressed and looks worse
The skin becomes very thin
New Blood Vessels grow on the surface of the skin and become very visible
A safer and more modern approach is the use of the 1540 Non ablative fractional Erbium Laser. These laser treatments reduce the bulk of the Hypertrophic Scar with no side effects. THe scar will return to a flat white scar without fat atrophy or blood vessels.
In addition to the 1540 laser IPL Intense Pulsed Light treatments will reduce the redness of the scar and is typically used first to reduce redness before starting the 1540 to reduce bulk.
The beauty of the 1540 and IPL is that there are no negative side effects of the treatment.
These modalities must be started early within the first 6 weeks to be most effective.
Hypertrophic scar treatment
Injection of Kenalog and 5-fluorouracil into scar every 2 weeks until improvement seen - may take up to 6-8 sessions
Combine these scar injections with pulsed dye laser treatment (Vbeam) every month
You will see reduction in size and thickness of scar, a softening of the scar, a reduction of the redness, improved texture and reduction of itch and pain if present.
Hypertrophic scar treatment
My approach to hypertrophic scars include:
1. intralesional cortisone +/- 5-Fluorouracil
2. Silicone (either sheeting or liquid paint-on silicone (available as a product called ScarGuard MD))
3. Manual massage
4. Vascular laser if the scar is not only thickened but pink/red.
Silicone sheets, Kenolog, and compression
The treatment of a hypertrphic scar include the following:
1-Silicone sheets. Easier to use on the limbs ,however some are designed for the trunk.
2-Kenolog injection: Dilute steroid injection is an effective treatment for hypertrphic scars.The scar will flaten,become less itchy. It will still be the a scar though.
3-Compression: Works well in limbs and faces.Used more commonly in burn scars.
Hope that helps!
Hypertrophic scars have many great treatment options
There are many treatments for hypertrophic scars but the best
treatment really depends on the patient and their specific scar. Some mild scars are best treated with daily
massage and over-the-counter silicone sheets.
More significant scars can be injected with steroid to reduce their
substance. Depending on your skin color,
lasers can be used to destroy scar tissue and redness. However, lasers can cause skin of color to
change color and that is why it is very hard to speak in generalities. Furthermore, dermabrasion or even scar
excision/revision are options. Your
local board-certified dermatologist or plastic surgeon should be able to review
your specific needs and make a plan of care that works best for you.
Thanks for sharing. Scars can be acquired from trauma or even after a surgical incision. Some people can be more prone to hypertrophic scarring and fortunately less commonly keloids. Certain areas of the body can be more prone as well such as the sternum and deltoid areas.
There are effective treatment options which may include:
- TIME - almost all scars will improve with time.
- Silcone gel or sheeting
- Scar massage/pressure
- pressure garments
- digital massage
- Kenalog/Cortisone injections- may be repeated every 4-6 weeks
- Laser resurfacing
- Fractions CO2
- Pulse Dye laser
- Surgical excision
Consult with a board certified facial plastic or plastic surgeon to review your options.
Combo therapy best for hypertrophic scars
Daily scar massage helps to mobilize and flatten the scar. Silicone gel or sheets will help to flatten scar and minimize hyperpigmentation (dark coloring) of the scar (wear daily and/or nightly for best results). Laser or IPL treatments can help minimize the pink/red pigment of the scar. Wearing SPF 30-50 is essential to prevent hyperpigmentation if the scar is exposed to sunlight. Steroid injections (1-3 treatments) at 6 week intervals as needed to flatten scar- but overuse can cause atrophic scars where the skin thins and becomes sunken down, so dont want to overdo it with the steroid.