Traditional Face Lift, MACS or Short Scar Lift: What's the Difference

Doctor Answers 26

Understanding terminology is useful in determining what will work for you

Unlike many facial and or plastic surgeons I have performed nearly every type of facelift from subcutaneous to SMAS to "Deep Plane" Composites, MACS, Short Scars and even Lifestyle Lifts .

I am a facelift specialist and have performed as many as 300 in a year and 10 in a week. Recently we introduced the first laser assisted facelift the LaserSmartLift which we now perform as our standard procedure. It is a new approach that combines short recovery times with exceptional results.

The most important thing to discuss is what you want corrected and the ability of the surgeon to effect this with his operation (whichever one is selected). Many problems can not be optimally corrected with short scars and short flaps. A full face lift involves a very long flap and usually side to side neck dissection and in some patients this may be the best option. Most patients will fare well with an intermediate flap and standard minilift incision that extends partly into the back hairline. Excessive neck laxity may require a longer incision. Think correction not operation Jowls, Nasal Labial Folds, Neck Bands, Neck Laxity. Ask your surgeon how the operation he selects will do in the areas you want corrected the most. No one facelift will optimally correct all those factors so if they offer one size to fit all you may want to seek another opinion. Less is not better Better is Better.

Youngstown Facial Plastic Surgeon
4.4 out of 5 stars 36 reviews

It's not the name but what it does that matters

The traditional facelift involves an incision that starts in the hairline above the ear, extends along the front boarder of the ear, around the lobe, behind the ear and into the hairline. There are numerous variations on this but that's the basics. After this the skin and a small amount of fat is lifted across the entire neck and cheeks to the mid-cheek region. After this several things can be done: 1 The next layer of tissue, abbreviated as the SMAS, can be lifted onto itself and stitched. This is called plication. I don't feel that it gives as good a result as...2. Lifting the SMAS off of the deeper tissues, elevating it vertically, removing the excess and suturing it to the bone. I find this give an excellent elevation of the mouth and jowls. The excess skin is removed and the incisions closed. In addition the neck muscles may or may not be tightened in the midline. This surgery is the gold standard and is good for patients with significant extra skin and facial sagging but can be used on anyone.

The MACS (minimal access cranial suspension lift) involves the same or somewhat less skin elevation. Then the SMAS is elevated by two or three stitches that are passed through the layer in long loops then tied to the deep tissues above the ear. It's a great surgery for many but in particular moderate excess skin and deep tissue descent.

Minimal scar only means a shorter scar than the standard lift. This can involve only behind the ear for a neck lift or in front of the ear for a MACS or similar lift.

It's not the surgical technique the matters. What matters is what the most appropriate surgery for the patient is.

Christopher L. Hess, MD
Fairfax Plastic Surgeon
4.4 out of 5 stars 34 reviews

Traditional, MACS, vs short scar: here are the basics

The other respondants have done a great job discussing the very important aspects of choosing a surgeon, as well as the confusion that exists due to the differing terminology used to describe a myriad of facelift procedures. To simplify, though, here are the basic answers to your question.

A traditional facelift (as the term is most commonly used) involves quite a bit of tissue dissection, widespread undermining of the tissues, and a lifting or tightening of the deeper tissues. In general, you can assume that the best results are acheived with this approach.

The MACS lift is a simpler approach, with less dissection, less undermining, and a simplified suture technique to lift the tissues of the jowl and neck. The incision runs in front of the ear like a facelift, but not behind the ear. Not all patients are good candidates for this, but in some patients its a good option. (nearly as good as a facelift.)

Short scar is a catch all phrase - can be used for a variety of "minilift" approaches. Similar to the MACS lift - for most patients wont produce as much improvement as a traditional facelift, but has the advantage in the minds of many patients of being "less invasive."

Hope this is helpful.


Patrick J. Byrne, MD, FACS
Baltimore Facial Plastic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 18 reviews

Facelift surgery is an art form

Like almost no other plastic surgery operation, face lift surgery is an art form. The results of no 2 surgeons will be the same even with the same starting point. This is a critical thing for patients to realize!

The patient should not be terribly concerned with the "name" of the procedure, ie. MACS lift, deep plane, SMAS lift, short scar technique etc. The technical details are mostly beyond the layman's comprehension and to further confuse you there is a huge amount of overlap between these techniques. Further, there is no standardization of exactly what these terms mean to different surgeons.

What DOES matter though is looking at multiple photos of multiple patients whom that surgeon has operated on and seeing in those results what you would wish for yourself. Here you will see the true art of that particular surgeon!

So do your research carefully and remember that no 2 surgeons are the same and that in most instances, you get what you pay for so don't go for the discounted surgeons or the face lift assembly lines like the Lifestyle Lift.

Check the photos on my web site and compare.

Richard P. Rand, MD, FACS
Seattle Plastic Surgeon
4.8 out of 5 stars 67 reviews

See a plastic surgeon who is a facelift specialist.

 I agree with Dr. Janjua, that there is only a complete facelift and various names for short cut facelifts that won't deliver the same result. See an experienced facelift surgeon and let him guide you as to the pros and cons of each.

Toby Mayer, MD
Beverly Hills Facial Plastic Surgeon
4.8 out of 5 stars 34 reviews

Limitless Variations on Facelift Surgery

Great question. It's easy to feel confused and overwhelmed by the variety of facelift options available to you, so I'll attempt to be as concise as possible.

A traditional facelift is typically what most people think of when they think of facelift surgery. It usually involves an incision around the ears and behind the hairline and improves the lower two-thirds of the face.

A MACS facelift is a simplified version of the traditional facelift and may be more appropriate for patients without significant aging or those who are concerned about recovery time.

Finally, "short-scar" facelift is not a technical term. Rather, it's a general term that refers to any facelift that uses a reduced incision. While this option has the advantage of less scarring, it is a bit more limited in what it can achieve.

Thank you for your question. I hope this helps to clarify your options.

Marc DuPéré, MD
Toronto Plastic Surgeon
4.8 out of 5 stars 62 reviews

The Different Types of Facelifts

Thank you for your question. There are many variations in facelifting techniques, and what surgeons recommend. Many surgeons only perform one type, because they are most comfortable with that technique. The short scar techniques have become more popular in recent years because of the smaller scar and the quicker recovery. I often use either a MACS lift or short scar approach if I think the patient will get a good result. A traditional facelift usually implies a longer incision but not necissarily a better result. You should discuss this with your surgeon and look at before and after photos to determine which approach is better for you. Be sure to select a plastic surgeon with extensive experience in facial surgery for the best result. Good luck.

Steven L. Ringler, MD, FACS
Grand Rapids Plastic Surgeon
4.9 out of 5 stars 70 reviews

Customize Facelift procedure to your needs

Traditional Face Lift, MACS or Short Scar Lift: What's the Difference?

The mini-lifts may be tough to choose from because of all the brand names such as LifeStyle Lift, S-Lift, Quick Lift, LiteLift, MACS and others.  They focus on improvement of the lower face and upper neck (jowls, marionette lines, upper neck loose skin).  

The tradition facelift/necklift is best  if you have a large amount of redundant skin and fat or turkey waddle deformity especially the lower neck.  A skilled and experienced board certified plastic surgeon will steer you in the right direction

Larry S. Nichter, MD, MS, FACS
Orange County Plastic Surgeon
4.9 out of 5 stars 157 reviews

Many Techniques

Traditional Facelift: usually refers to an incision that starts in the hairline above the ear, extends around the ear and curves back either into- or along the hairline behind the ear.  The lifting techique varies from "skin only," to various SMAS and deep plane techniques.

MACS (Minimal Access Cranial Suspension) Lift: as the name implies, MACS uses a short scar incision, purse string sutures in the SMAS to lift and tighten facial structures.

Short Scar refers to the limitation of the incision, usually just below the side-burn, along the front of the ear, aaround the ear lobe and a short distance behind the ear.

Paul C. Zwiebel, MD
Denver Plastic Surgeon
4.7 out of 5 stars 41 reviews

More Facelift Techniques than there are Faces to Lift!

While there is clearly science involved in achieving a good facelift result, there is a whole lot of art as well.  Every time one of my colleagues manages to get a good result with a slighlty shorter scar, or performs a facelift in a different plane it tends to get press.

The truth is that you need a surgeon who understands your specific needs should tailor an operation for you.  Of course, the trick is the find a surgeon who shares your basic philosophy about how invasive you want to be and how natural you should look when the procedure is done.

Thomas P. Sterry, MD
New York Plastic Surgeon
4.8 out of 5 stars 20 reviews

These answers are for educational purposes and should not be relied upon as a substitute for medical advice you may receive from your physician. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911. These answers do not constitute or initiate a patient/doctor relationship.