Injected varicose vein should have evacuation.
What you describe appears to be a clotted varicose vein following sclerotherapy. This occurs frequently especially in the larger veins. You should be seen by your treating physician and, most likely, the area will need to be drained. While waiting for drainage, local care with wet warm compresses, support hose and ibuprofen would help.
Superficial vein thrombophlebitis
Follow up is essential to make sure there is no DVT. Most likely it is what you describe, as injecting into large varicose veins can cause superficial vein thrombophlebitis to occur, especially if there is inadequate compression immediately after the proceure with ace bandages and thereafter with compression hose. I typically drain these with micropuncture techniques in order to minimize hyperpigmentation of the skin which will result as well as more pronounced telangiectasia (telangiectatic matting). I recommend a product called a Phlebitis Pak to my patients and also direct them to use topical creams (VenoQuin and VenoLucent) to prevent the hyperpigmentation.
Clinically, I would advise that you take ibuprofen for pain relief. Contact the vein specialist immediately to be seen for this.