Various Vein Problems - from spiders to venous stasis ulcers

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What is a telangiectasia (spider vein)?

A telangiectasia is a confluence of dilated intradermal venules of less than 1 mm in caliber. Telangiectasia are more commonly known as spider veins and thread veins.

telangiectasia, also known as spider veins and thread veins

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
What is a reticular vein?

A reticular vein is a dilated bluish intradermal vein, usually from 1 mm in diameter to less than 3 mm in diameter. They are usually tortuous. Reticular veins are also known as blue veins, intradermal varices and venulectasias.

reticular vein

 
What is a varicose vein?

A varicose vein is a subcutaneous dilated vein larger than 3 mm in diameter in the upright posture. Varicose veins are also known as varix, varices and varicosities.

varicose veins, also known as varix, varices and varicosities

What is corona phlebectatica?

A fan shaped pattern of small intradermal veins on the medial (inside) or lateral (outside) of the ankle and foot is called corona phlebectatica. Corona phlebectatica is thought to be an early sign af advanced vein disease. Other names for corona phlebectatica include malleolar flare and ankle flare.

Corona phlebectatica, also called malleolar flare and ankle flare

 

 

 

 

 

What is Edema?

Edema is tissue fluid in the skin and subcutaneous (fat) and is measured by the amount of skin indentation left with digital pressure. It is associated with venous reflux disease. 

 

Edema

 

 

 

What is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is the discoloration (bronze-brown or purple) of the skin in patients with chronic venous reflux disease and chronic inflammation of varicose veins. Hyperpigmentation occurs in the ankles, feet and lower legs in patients with venous disease. 

Hyperpigmentation

 

What is Stasis Dermatitis?

Stasis Dermatitis is a type of dermatitis related to chronic venous reflux disease and inflamed varicose veins. It can be a blistering, weeping or scaling skin eruption and occurs in the legs.

 

Stasis Dermatitis

 

 

What is Lipodermatosclerosis?

Lipodermatosclerosis is chronic inflammation with resultant fibrosis of the skin where the skin of the lower leg becomes scarred in a circumferential manner and the leg looks tapered like the 'chicken leg'.

 

Lipodermatosclerosis

 

 

What is Atrophie Blanche?

Atrophie Blanche is translated from the French language, it literally means 'white atrophy'. It is often circular, whitish and atrophic skin associated with skin hyperpigmentation. This is a sign of severe venous disease. 

Atrophie Blanche

 

 

 

What is a Venous Stasis Ulcer?

A venous stasis ulcer is a nonhealing wound in the legs and ankles related to chronic venous insufficiency.Venous Stasis Ulcer 

 

 

For more information regarding these common vein disorders, visit www.VeinsVeinsVeins.com and www.VNUSandEVLT.com

 

Article by
Buffalo General Surgeon