I Had Mohs Surgery on my Scalp Which Left Me with a Bald Spot. Is This Common?

I may have another small bcc on my scalp (seeing a doc hopefully soon)....I would rather not have mohs again if baldness is the result. Is freezing or burning off an alternative?

Doctor Answers 8

Scalp skin cancer is best treated with Mohs

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If you are concerned about a potential skin cancer on the scalp, you should definitely see a dermatologist to determine what it is first.  A biopsy of the area will tell you if this is indeed a basal cell or a precancerous growth.

While freezing with liquid nitrogen and burning (electrodessication and curettage) are both options for skin cancers, I generally do not recommend them for basal cells on the scalp.  Using liquid nitrogen to treat a bcc requires significant amount of "freeze time" and recurrence rate is high.  Similarly electrodessication and curettage will likely leave you with a bald patch as well.

Mohs surgery is the most appropriate option in this area.  It is tissue sparing-- meaning only the minimium amount of tissue will be removed.  If the hair follicles are spared, the hair will likely grow back even if left to heal on its own.  If the hair follicles are removed with the surgery, then I would recommend closing the wound with stitches.  Most patients have very nice cosmetic results with minimal to no hair loss.  

As in the case of any skin cancer, the top priorities are to ensure the cancer removal and to provide the bet cosmetic outcome.   Mohs is the ideal choice since it accomplishes both.  


Dr. Mann

Cleveland Dermatologic Surgeon

Bald Spot After Mohs Surgery

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Freezing or burning of a skin cancer are other alternatives; however, Mohs will give the highest cure rate and preserve the greatest amount of healthy tissue. The two other alternatives that you mention would actually have a higher risk of scarring or damage to the surrounding hair. The "baldness" is not related to the Mohs surgery. It is most likely related to the repair that was done afterwards. It's unclear as to how long ago the procedure was performed but sometimes you can have some temporary hairloss afterwards. This is because the nearby hairs were put into a sleep phase and shed after the procedure. In that case the hairs start to return 3-6 months later. If the surrounding hairs were physically damaged during the repair process the hair loss may be more long-lasting. Talk to the doctor who performed the surgery as to what is the cause of the baldness and what if anything can be done.

Andrew Kaufman, MD
Los Angeles Dermatologic Surgeon
4.8 out of 5 stars 16 reviews

Mohs surgery on scalp may not have to end with a bold spot

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Mohs surgery remains the best option for treatment of a skin cancer on a hair bearing area.  Because Mohs surgery is tissue sparing, the final defect is more likely to be shallower and smaller then with a standard excision yet lead to the complete tumor removal. 

On occasion, shallow wounds on scalp with intact hair follicles are allowed to heal on their own. Since hair follicles are necessary for hair regrowth, the wound is then covered by the newly grown hair. If the depth of the wound was deeper than the location of hair follicles, then the area will be bold unless reconstructed with stitches. However, a form of reconstruction called skin grafting will also result in a bold spot.

With regards to your current tumor, you may want to ask your surgeon to consider stitching the area to minimize the risk of the bold spot formation. The bold area may also be excised and reconstructed so that you have as little hair loss as possible.

Larisa Ravitskiy, MD
Columbus Dermatologist

Alopecia after Mohs

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Destruction of the hair follicles in the site of surgery is common- but when the defect/hole is closed up (not by secondary healing) there is usually no signifcant "bald spot" or area of scar formation. I recommend that you speak to your Mohs surgeon of your concerns and they can take the size/area/morphology into account to discuss treatment options with you.

Removing skin cancer from the scalp - Los Angeles

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Injury to the follicles can result in hair loss. Express your concerns with your surgeon so that options to salvage hair follicles can be provided. Raffy Karamanoukian, Los Angeles

Raffy Karamanoukian, MD, FACS
Los Angeles Plastic Surgeon
4.8 out of 5 stars 95 reviews

Bald spot on scalp after Mohs Surgery

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Yes, this is common, but can usually be fixed or at least improved (made smaller) if you desire.  Please discuss this with your treating Dermatologist.

Robert Strimling, MD
Las Vegas Dermatologist
4.3 out of 5 stars 9 reviews

Mohs surgery does not cause baldness

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Mohs surgery does not cause baldness. In fact since one of the goals of Mohs surgery is normal tissue conservation, this technique offers a greater likelihood of sparing as much hair as possible. Typically the hair will be lost in the tumor involved area but with suturing normal skin together, only the suture line should have loss of hair since the surgeon will be pulling together normal unaffected skin.

Steven Hacker, MD
West Palm Beach Dermatologic Surgeon

Mohs for scalp skin cancer

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If you have a skin cancer on the scalp excised (cut out) whether with Mohs surgery or a conventional excision, and the wound is allowed to heal on its own over several weeks, then you will be guaranteed to develop a bald spot.  If the wound were reconstructed with stitches, and not a skin graft (patch) then there is a very good chance that hair-bearing skin from the adjacent field around the surgical defect can be used to close the wound with normal hair growth.  There can be a temporary loss of hairs making the scalp look bald in a focal area for a few months after surgery. This telogen effluvium often occurs about three months after surgery but corrects itself as new hairs grow out.

Ronald Shelton, MD
Manhattan Dermatologic Surgeon
4.9 out of 5 stars 39 reviews

These answers are for educational purposes and should not be relied upon as a substitute for medical advice you may receive from your physician. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911. These answers do not constitute or initiate a patient/doctor relationship.