I would not perform a full breast lift on a smoker. The patient should have abstained from smoking for at least 1 week prior to surgery. If the patient is a pack a day smoker, smoking should be stopped for a month prior to surgery.
Will Smoking Cigarettes Slow the Healing Process?
Doctor Answers 16
Stop Smoking Before Surgery!!!
The nicotine in tobacco is a vasoconstrictor, meaning that it causes blood vessels to clamp down. This results in decreased blood flow, and decreased oxygen supply, to healing skin and other tissues. This will always have a negative effect on healing, and can be catastrophic for some procedures like breast lifts, breast reductions, facelifts or tummy tucks. Skin can die without sufficient blood flow and oxygen, as can the nipple and areola. It is best if you can stop smoking completely for at least 4 weeks before surgery, and for a few weeks after surgery until you are clearly healing well. Certain devices to stop smoking contain nicotine, so they are also a problem.
Will smoking slow the healing process? Breast lift.
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Smoking and the healing process
Smoking and surgery
1. There is nicotine in tobacco, but not in marijuana. However, most joints are rolled with marijuana and tobacco combination. Nicotine is a vasoconstrictor that decreases blood flow to the tissues. This is the major problems that can cause a very bad outcome in some surgeries. In a breast augmentation, there is not a lot of risk as there are not a lot of incisions which decrease blood flow to the tissues. In a breast lift or tummy tuck, on the other hand, there is much longer and more involved incisions. The decrease in blood flow to the tissues in combination with the decrease in blood flow from the nicotine can cause tissue to die. This can cause part of the breast or nipple, or in the case of a tummy tuck, part of the belly tissue to die, resulting in a very bad outcome. Marijuana without tobacco does not cause this problem, or marijuana in an edible fashion. Vaporizers do not decrease the amount of nicotine in tobacco, only decrease the smoke.
2. There is carbon monoxide in both tobacco smoke and marijuana smoke. Carbon monoxide decreases the oxygen carrying capacity of hemoglobin in the blood. This is different from the vasoconstrictor effect, but has the same result of having the risk of tissue death in conjunction with surgeries that decrease the blood flow to tissues such as breast lifts and tummy tucks, as opposed to an augmentation alone that does not decrease blood flow to as great of an extent. Again, edible forms of marijuana do not have smoke, and thus carbon monoxide poisoning.
3. Coughing. Both tobacco and marijuana smoke disrupt the lining of the lungs and bronchi and can lead to coughing episodes. Coughing episodes can lead to internal bleeding after surgery that can lead to hematomas and complications, and again a bad outcome. Again, edible forms of marijuana does not have this effect.
4. Anesthesia effects. Marijuana can have drug interactions with certain anesthetic drugs. Thus it is important to tell your anesthesiologist about your marijuana use.
In conclusion, Smoking, whether it be tobacco or marijuana, is detrimental to your surgery outcome. Edible marijuana is much less so, but be honest about your use with your surgeon and anesthesiologist so that you can have the best outcome. In general, you should quite smoking many weeks, ideally 6 weeks before surgery, and not smoke for at least 2 weeks after surgery.
Pablo Prichard, MD
Will smoking cigarettes slow the healing process?
Typically, we recommend at least 6 weeks of smoking cessation prior to and at least 6 weeks after any surgical procedure. The longer, the better. Nicotine always increases the risk for infection, nipple necrosis, poor scarring, and wound complications, as well as other health consequences including blood clots. The anesthesia risk is greater with general anesthesia as well as pulmonary issues/lung infections postoperatively. I would discuss this with your surgeon prior to your procedure. Hope that this helps! Best wishes!
Smoking and a breast lift
Smoking increases the risk of surgical post-op complications. I usually recommend to stop 3-4 weeks before surgery and to stay off cigarettes for 3-4 weeks after as well. Good luck.
Smoking and Breast Surgery?
Thank you for the question.
The use of nicotine (as in any form) can lead to devastating complications after surgical procedures. Nicotine is a potent constrictor of blood vessels, preventing the delivery of oxygen etc. to surgical sites that require good blood flow to heal. The resulting decreased blood flow leads to potential problems with healing, tissue necrosis, open wounds, infections…
I would suggest that you stop prior to surgery and try not to start again afterwards.
Will Smoking Cigarettes Slow the Healing Process?
Smoking cigarettes will not only slow the healing process,but will cause wound breakdown and even tissue loss especially in cases of breast surgery,and facelift surgery
Even second hand smoke has a deletereous effect
It is therefore most important to quit smoking before surgery ,the longer the better.You should also supplement with antioxidants such as raw fruit and vegetables
These answers are for educational purposes and should not be relied upon as a substitute for medical advice you may receive from your physician. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911. These answers do not constitute or initiate a patient/doctor relationship.