Oral Health in Aging
Oral health is important for the welfare of everyone, but in the elderly it is necessary to intensify attention, because it is the population with the most serious problems.
The reasons may be many, but from the point of view of Jocasta odontóloga Caba, Master in Endodontics, there is a custom component.
"First, there is a habit. Consider that was not important in his childhood and youth visit a dentist, so when they did it was to undertake that very invasive oral interventions, limited in most cases to dental extractions "he says.
The specialist ensures that no doubt dentistry has evolved, and has treatments in all areas and for all ages with excellent results, so we must educate the elderly about the importance of oral health.
"If it is seniors who depend on our care is important to dedicate ourselves to contribute to your oral health, taking them to appointments and take home making hygiene and proper care," says the expert.
It explains that aging can cause changes in the structure and functions of the oral cavity, because the teeth also age, so when a clinical test is performed to these patients is very common to observe certain conditions.
Signs of an aging teeth
Caries deep level of the roots of the teeth. periodontal problems, conditions in the supporting tissues such as alveolar bone and gums. Dry mouth by the decreased saliva, called xerostomia. worn, opaque, yellowish, sharp and brittle teeth. Decreased taste.
Decreased nerve tissue and blood vessels inside the teeth. Less defensive and reparative capacity of tissues against bacterial aggression. Increase caused by fungi, such as oral thrush infections. Delay in healing processes, precipitating the loss of teeth; skin wrinkled lips worsen with age and decreased ability to chew.
Jocasta Caba, Dental Studio Spa, notes that: "All these findings lead us ultimately to a total loss of teeth, and is so familiar to us to see our grandparents use a total prosthesis or 'box teeth' as they call, we have come to believe and ensure that these tooth loss are 'things of the age', but actually is a widespread misconception, because according to the American Dental Association, if we take care of your teeth properly they can last a lifetime " .
Brushing twice a day with a soft bristle brush. Use interdental cleaners and flossing. Drink fluoridated water, which will help prevent tooth decay common in this age group. Stop smoking, as this aggravates gum disease, tooth decay and therefore increases the loss of teeth. Visiting the dentist three times a year to prevent and guidance on oral problems that occur with age, as several studies have shown that HIV infections in the mouth, may be related to heart disease, stroke, diabetes, pneumonia and other common health problems in older adults.
Caba says that healthy teeth help you look good, eat nutritious and delicious food, as well as to speak clearly and confidently, taking all this a good quality of life.
However, it states that, unfortunately, a large percentage of the population uses a total prosthesis, not meaning it, but it deserves proper attention, since these dentures deteriorate if not properly cared cease to perform their functions, resulting in patients chewing problems and therefore, digestive; well as frequent as painful ulcers that can decrease your appetite and generate bacteria that cause disease in all soft tissues of the mouth.
Keep in good condition prostheses elderly
Never allow the patient to sleep with the prosthesis, because the mucosa needs rest, these are made with rigid materials. During the night submerged in clean leave or special effervescent tablets for this purpose water, and so it will not lose moisture as the dryness will shorten the shelf life to acrylic which has been made. Clean it daily, do not think that as there are no natural teeth brushing, do not need to; on the contrary, you must ensure higienizarla properly to remain in the mouth. Brush it after the food to keep it clean as you do with your natural teeth. If you do so inconvenient, point it to at least rinse the mouth with water to remove any food particles that may become trapped between teeth.
Brush your tongue with the toothbrush or scraper, and especially on the back of it, because there are a lot of bacteria housed. Finally, rinse your mouth thoroughly before placing the prosthesis because it adheres better if the gums are moistened.