Inyección de Biopolímeros: Epidemia del siglo 21.


In 1898 Dr. Robert Gersuny, Austrian surgeon, injected paraffin into the scrotum of a patient who was orquiectomizado (testicles removed) presents testicular tuberculosis. Here began the beginning of the history of the injection of substances to give volume to the face and body. This practice became popular and 12 years later and there were whole chapters in plastic surgery text books which explained how to try to correct and rebuild the serious sequelae secondary to the application of paraffin. In 1947 during the Vietnam War, the use of liquid silicone that was used to waterproof the decks of aircraft carriers and tanks, breast enhancement of oriental women who by their genetic lack of volume in this area became popular your body.
Parallel to war was another disaster with hundreds of thousands of women who were injected.
After the war the problem moved to the United States, and public health problem was so great that in the state of Nevada was considered federal crime to cross state lines l with liquid silicone. He is currently marketed under different names: • Silikon 1000 (Alcon Laboratories, Fort Worth, Texas) has-been U.S. Food and Drug Admin- istration approved for retinal reattachment since 1998. • SilSkin, 1000 cS (Richard-James Development Corp., Peabody, Mass.) is in clinical trials subsequently appeared substances like Hydrogel acrylamyda poly PAG (1988 - 2009) which start in Ukraine and spread throughout Europe and Asia, receiving licenses were subsequently canceled, some countries still freely allow their application by the large number of patients with complications .: • Aquamid (Ferrosan AS, Copenhagen, Denmark) 2.5% polyacrylamide gel in water. • Interfall (Interfall Ltd., Kiev, Ukraine). • Bio-Alcamid (Polymekon, Milan, Italy); 4% polyacrylamide cross-linked with polyalkylimide. • Outline (ProCytech, Bordeaux, France) is temperature porary and absorbed within 1 to 2 years • Amazing Gel (Fuhua Ltd., ShenZhen, China). • Formacryl (Bioform, Moscow, Russia ) • Argiform (Bioform) with silver ions as an anti-biotic., got licensed in 1991 for methyl methacrylate PMMA Poli treatment of HIV patients but its use to patients without HIV and its application in face, breasts, buttocks spread , calves, etc. Currently it is a crime you pay with jail if surprise a person applying it, also with a large number of patients with complications and sequelae in several countries: • Artecoll (Rofil Medical International, Denmark) Consist of microspheres 30 to 42 M in diameter ., suspensions pended in bovine collagen • ArteFill (. Artes Medical, San Diego, Calif) containing microspheres sists of 30 to 50 M in diameter but more highly purified than Those in Artemis coll; the microspheres are suspended in bovine collagen manufactured in the United States. • Aphrodite Gold (European Medical Contract Manufacturer, Nijmegen, The Netherlands) is the former Artecoll in a new package, distributed outside Europe and the United States. • Metacrill (Nutricel Laboratories, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil); polymethylmethacrylate microspheres 1 to 80 m in diameter, With ties impuri- Similar to Those of the former Arteplast, carboxygluconate suspended in gel. • Bioplasty (Dr. Almir Nacul, Porto Alegre, Brazil) is similar to Metacrill. • Precise (Clinica Estetica, . Tijuana, Mexico) is similar to Metacrill In 2007 appeared the Macrolane: • Macrolane . (Q-Med, Uppsala, Sweden, and Medicis Aesthetics, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA) from which we find numerous medical articles which demonstrate the danger of use and catastrophic complications that have arisen. Patients develop allogenosis Iatrogenic (allogenic: strange agency, Iatrogenic: damage caused by another person) spoken from damage and degeneration of tissues secondary to the injected product and an autoimmune syndrome known as ASIA Syndrome (Autoimmune Syndrome Induced by Adjuvants inflamatory), a set of similar autoimmune diseases which worsens the prognosis of patients symptoms. There is no safe to be applied on the body, as written above, including those final product with approved by health authorities in different countries in Europe, Asia or Latin usage and licenses. far the industrialized product with the lowest number of complications is hyaluronic acid (Juvederm, Allergan), applied to the face in small quantities by area . Resorbed 1 to 2 years after application. Be alert, do not let anything be injected into your buttocks. The safest way to increase buttocks is through injections or through your own fat buttock silicone implants. them I hope this helped.

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Colombia Plastic Surgeon