I'd heard doctors sometimes do steroid injections for swelling post rhinoplasty. Why do they not do it regularly? Are there drawbacks or bad side effects to the injections? Are they very expensive? Incidentally, I was prescribed oral steroids for five days post rhinoplasty. Would taking them again be advisable?
Pros/cons of Steroid Injections After Rhinoplasty?
Doctor Answers (12)
Pros and Cons of Injectable Steroids in Rhinoplasty
This happens to be a somewhat controversial topic when it comes to rhinoplasty surgery healing. Below is a link to a page we have on our website that discusses this in a little more detail. I hope it provides you some good insight.
Pros/cons of Steroid Injections After Rhinoplasty?
These are all very good questions and reflect the nuances of practices between Rhinoplasty Surgeons. I have performed Rhinoplasty and Revision Rhinoplasty for over 25 years and have used post Rhinoplasty kenalog injections on numerous occasions when the post op course showed signs of increased subcutaneous scar tissue formation.
The rationale behind using steroid (kenalog) injections after a Rhinoplasty are as follows. Post Rhinoplasty swelling primarily occurs in and around the sura-tip (upper tip) area. Persistent swelling is replaced by scar tissue which blunts the shaped nasal tip cartilages created during the Rhinoplasty. An extreme example of this is called a "polly beak" deformity where the scar tissue acumulation actual deforms the nasal tip.
The more thick and oily the skin the more prone to prolonged swelling the skin is after a Rhinoplasty. We teach all our Rhinoplasty patients how to perform daily manual lymphatic drainage to the nose to reduce this swelling. Oral steroids can be given as can intra-op IV steroids as a precautionary measure against scar formation, especially in Revision Rhinoplasty or in cases of previous scar tissue formation.
Kenalog decreases swelling and scar tissue but can also cause the normal tissue to atropy and indent. For this reason, I dilute the kenalog 40 to kenalog 10 which decreases the likelihood of this happening. IMHO, I only use kenalog when it is clearly indicated and typically only during the first 6 months post op when the majority of the swelling occurs. IMVHO, if this scenario is followed there is very little downside to using Kenalog 10 when indicated during the first 6 months of the post Rhinoplasty process.
Post Rhinoplasty Steroid Injections
At times an inordinate amount of scar and/or edema (swelling) can build up in the nasal dorsum or tip. Such as after a resection of a dorsal hump deformity giving the appearance that the deformity has been inadequately resected. Steroids after rhinoplasty are used as a means to reduce the amount of scar tissue and/or swelling that has formed. While being helpful, it does have potential side effects. It may cause atrophy of the tissues resulting in a depression, or cause hypopigmentation (loss of color) or even thinning of the overlying skin. Make sure you continue to follow up closely with your plastic surgeon as they will be best able to guide you through your post operative recovery. Best wishes.
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Steroid injections post Rhinoplasty
The use of steroid injections post rhinoplasty is dependent on the patient and their needs. Personally I feel most swelling will dissipate in due time and it is best to allow this healing process to resolve. On some patients with thick skin and different ethnic backgrounds steroids may be helpful in resolving some tip swelling. While they are helpful to reduce scar tissue you want to make sure that they are indicated for the problem being addressed. Steroids such as medrol dos pack may be given post surgery and are helpful in the healing process however would not typically be prescribed months after a procedure. Steroid injections are not expensive and if a patient of mine needed an injection it would be free of charge. I have an extremely busy rhinoplasty and septorhinoplasty practice and I can count on one hand the amount of steroid injections I have given in ten years. I hope this is helpful in opening up this discussion with your surgeon. Best regards, Michael V. Elam, M.D.
Pros and cons of steroid injections after rhinoplasty
Steroid injections to prevent or reduce scar tissue after a rhinoplasty procedure can be beneficial but also has the potential to create depressions that are difficult to correct. Therefore, it is prudent to follow up closely with your rhinoplasty surgeon and their judgement as it may or may not be necessary to have this treatment.
Steroid injections for abnormal scar tissue or prolonged swelling after rhinoplasty
Some surgeons prescribe oral corticosteroids for a few days following rhinoplasty in the belief that this may help reduce the early postoperative swelling resulting from surgery, however, the clinical studies about the effects of oral corticosteroids are equivocal. Prescription of oral corticosteroids is largely done based on the surgeon's preference. Personally, I do not prescribe these to my patients. For persistent or prolonged swelling after rhinoplasty, oral corticosteroids are likely of limited benefit.
Steroid Injections after Rhinoplasty
I have not found the need for steroid injections, but it is not unreasonable. The risks would include skin pigmentation changes that can be very difficult to treat and depressions in the skin. Kenneth Hughes, MD Los Angeles, CA
Steriods are used post rhinoplasty
Steriods can decrease swelling and may alter how the ultimate scar forms after a rhinoplasty. The advantages are it is non surgical. less costly than a surgical revision, convenient, and quick. However, it may be difficult to precisely estimate the exact result the steriod may have, if the steriod is injected too superficially it may cause changes to the skin.
Nasal steroid injections
I am not a big fan of steroid injection of the nose after rhinoplasty. A recent review of the literature on this procedure does not support long term success in reducing swelling. It may cause fat atrophy and cause hypopigmentation, and spider veins as well.
Steroid injections following rhinoplasty
Kenalog combined with 5-Flourouracil yields a fantastic result when used post-operatively to help reduce swelling. There are some possible side effects that may occur such as white spots on the skin and indentation. But I have performed hundreds of these injections with no complications. Treatment for swelling really depends on the individual needs of the patient, and I would recommend speaking with your surgeon to see what he/she advises. I hope this helps, and best of luck to you.