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Neck and Lower Facelift Are Too Tight?

I had a lower face and neck lift one week ago and there is a tight band extending across my neck from ear to ear. The tension is at best uncomfortable, often painful, and occasionally actually triggers a gag reflex. Is there anything that can be done to alleviate this tension? I couldn't live this way long term. I had a submental platysmaplasty, and sutures around and behind the ear.

Doctor Answers (23)

The noose sensation: I'll explain why you feel it and how it should loosen up

+12

Hi La in Watervliet,

I agree with the other surgeons and their reassurances.  My approach for pre- and post-operative counseling for these cosmetic procedures is to try to explain things in a way that patients can fully understand on their own.  This takes some of the fear out and I think gives the patient some feeling of control back.  In some cases of pre-operative counseling, fully understanding the procedure and the recovery leads to the potential patient not choosing to have the surgery at all.  I would rather that they decide that they don't want surgery before having spent a car's worth of money, instead of regretting it after surgery, because they didn't actually know what they were getting themselves into.  The scariest thing is to be in a car that is out of control, and you aren't the driver.  A good understanding of what is going on, puts you back in the driver's seat.  I hope my additional answer helps to reassure you.   

In general, patients who get a lateral platysmaplasty (the stitches behind the ears you were referring to) will usually have at least some kind of noose-like sensation pulling from ear to ear.  How long the sensation lasts depends on several factors depending on what surgical techniques the surgeon used, the types of sutures (permanent vs. dissolvable) and lastly how aggressive the surgeon was when tightening the deeper layers of tissue (SMAS/platysma.)

Why are you feeling the noose sensation?  Based on your description of your procedure, the submental platysmaplasty and the lateral platysmaplasty were both performed in order to give you the best possible neck profile.  The submental platysmaplasty is useful for creating the chin to neck angle that people associate with a youthful neck.  This involves tying together the separation between the two platysma muscles on the left and right side.  It is particularly useful when the patient has hanging neck muscle bands or platysmal bands.  As the submental platysmaplasty is performed in ties together the two sides similar to tying shoe laces or tightening a corset by pulling the left and right "leaf" together in the middle.  The sutures can be individual stitches or continuous similar to laces on a shoe, boot, or old-fashioned corset.

The tightness you feel directly on the Adam's apple area (AKA voice box or the medical term you can google, the thyroid cartilage) is pressure caused from the last stitch on the submental platysmaplasty which is located right at the chin to neck angle (AKA cervicomental angle.)  Since there is no longer a separation between the two platysma muscles in the middle, the combined platysma muscle from the platysmaplasty creates a sling under the chin, and the back edge of the sling is right against your Adam's apple area.

A submental platysmaplasty alone usually does not cause the noose-like sensation.  Instead, this usually causes a tight feeling under the length of the chin.  Now that you have the sling under the chin, the back edge of the platysma or the lateral edge of the platysma muscle which is located right below your earlobes is then located and lifted up towards the tough tissue behind the ears (called the mastoid fascia.)   This Mastoid fascia is devoid of fat and other structures, and is mainly tendon/ligament type tissue which is particularly good for placing suspension sutures since is it unlikely to rip through, unlike suturing fat, which can result in the thin fishing line-like suture to rip through the fat, like a wire through cheese.  

Auxilliary necklift techniques, which you may not have mentioned can also cause a noose-like sensation, and are actually similar to a noose.  There is a continuous permanent suture going from the back of one ear to the back of the other ear and sutured directly to the tough mastoid fascia.  This is called a Giampappa stitch after Dr. Giampappa.  Another technique usually reserved for a revision necklift or a really tough heavy neck, is when a strip of Gortex (yes, gortex like the waterproof raingear, but medical grade that can be implanted under the skin) usually 1/4" to 1/2" wide ribbon. is also sutured from the mastoid area and the ribbon is slid under the neck skin (without twisting the ribbon) over the chin to neck angle (cervicomental angle) where the Adam's apple is located, and back to the other mastoid fascia.   If this ribbon is pulled very tight, the patient will have a tight noose sensation, if it is left loose then the patient may not feel the noose sensation at all.  Usually it is somewhere in between, since the whole goal of the necklift is to lift and tighten the neck.  The patient is already willing to go through surgery for the improvement, so the best chance to give the patient the improvement they want and deserve is while tightening the lateral platysma/giampappa stitch/gortex sling.

Having said all of that, I don't tighten the lateral platysmaplasty very much.  I depend on the submental platysmaplasty to give 80% of the neck contour and slightly lift the lateral platysma for the remaining 20%.  Why?  In the beginning of my practice, I performed mainly lateral platysmaplasties for the neck, and was able to get a significant initial improvement on the neck profile only to have it fall 3-8 weeks later.  I was using permanent sutures at the time.  All of those patients were warned preoperatively of the noose-like sensation and was reassured pre-operatively and post-operatively that this would subside and it did.  The observation that I made was that when the noose-like sensation went away at various times for various patients, the neck would also loosen.  In fact for one particular patient, who was nearly 2 months out after her facelift, noted that she had turned her neck to one extreme and felt a ripping sensation behind one of her ears (the mastoid area.)  My interpretation of this was the permanent suture ripping through.  Her neck also fell and required a submental platysmaplasty as part of her revision procedure to get the result she wanted.

Soon after, I began performing submental platysmaplasties with most of my face and necklifts which required "heavy lifting" on the neck area, this resulted in much better and consistent neck contouring results.  Since my prior experience with only tightening the lateral platysmaplasty resulted in the sutures likely ripping through, I did not have much faith in them and only tightened this area enough to help smooth out the excess skin behind the ear and reduce tension on the skin in that area.

Since the really tight lateral platysmaplasty sutures won't hold up the neck long term (in my opinion), I didn't want to subject my patients to the noose-like feeling on the front of the neck, I kept this area "medium tight" enough to help give the neck area some tension like a trampoline, but not so much that it is reaching its ripping point.  The observation for these patients was that they did not feel much noose sensation if at all afterwards.  

In your case, the combination of the submental and lateral platysmaplasties is likely giving you this tightness, with additional post-operative swelling which will eventually go away.  Imagine wearing your ideal jeans, but having temporary swelling around the waist and hips.  Your jeans will feel uncomfortably tight, but the goal is to get you to look good in those ideal jeans an not necessarily worry about the initial discomfort when you are having normal post-operative swelling.  

If the tightness is still there after the swelling is gone, hopefully it is improved enough that you can leave it alone.  But if it is not, then you will need to wait for the permanent sutures to loosen up over the following months or if dissolvable sutures were used, it will also loosen in a similar fashion over the following months.  If it is still uncomfortable to the point where you want something done, then stretching exercises to try to loosen up the lateral platysmaplasty sutures or a small surgical procedure to "release" that area could potentially be performed, but it may affect your necklift result somewhat depending on how well the submental platysmaplasty was performed.

No matter how tight the surgeon wants to make the neck, it doesn't stay that tight.  The body, face and neck simply doesn't like it to be that tight, so it will find a way to loosen things up.  Even if too much skin is removed, and it will be tight when that happens, the body will stretch the scar and create a widened, atrophic scar which looks a bit like a stretch mark, to give the skin some "room to breathe." The widened scar looks bad, but our body/tissues aren't concerned about cosmetics, but simply don't like the tension (which in your case means your body likes to be comfortable.) Some patients expect the opposite of you situation and want to have that super-tight feeling so that they know the neck is being lifted.  Yet, we have to tell them that the tight feeling will go away, and no matter how tight we make it.  For these patients, it sounds like an excuse, but it is actually difficult for the surgeon to keep that tight feeling going permanently.  

Sorry about the length of the answer, but I like to explain things using analogies which lay people can understand and digest more easily than short answers.

Best,

Dr. Yang

New York Facial Plastic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 17 reviews

Neck And Lower Facelift Rarely Too Tight At Two Weeks

+5

Thank you for your question. There is ALWAYS some loosening of the skin in the weeks after a Neck and Lower Facelift. In fact I tell my patients pre op that I want them to feel too tight the first week. What you do not want is to have your neck and lower face sag again after surgery.

One exception is when a specific type of lift that utilizes a Giampappa Suture. In this procedure a permanent suture is placed into the neck muscles and fixated to the skull behind the ear to suspend the neck. On occaision this suture can be too tight and need to be released.

Be sure to see your surgeon and express your concerns. Hopefully as the swelling comes down you will no9t feel so tight but will still have a nice result.

Web reference: http://drseckel.com/surgical-procedures/face-lift/

Boston Plastic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 24 reviews

Tightness after Lower Facelift

+4

This abnormal tension that you are feeling is quite normal after lower facelift.  During a face/neck lift the underlying neck muscles (platysma) and SMAS are tightened.  The face tightening in conjunction with postoperative swelling can give you a constricted feeling.  Also, the sensation of tension in the neck due to surgery is a "new feeling" for you which you will grow accustomed to over time.  Lastly, over time the neck and face will relax to a degree to provide you with relief.  

Philadelphia Facial Plastic Surgeon
4.5 out of 5 stars 6 reviews

Tightness after lower facelift will absolutely go away!

+3

I agree with my colleagues who tell you with absolute certainty that this will get better. Your swelling reaches its peak at 3-5 days after surgery, and is worse and lasts longer if you do not sleep with your head elevated above heart level for 2-3 weeks after surgery. You may also be asked to use an elastic shin strap or facial band which helps the tissues to heal properly and smoothly. This only adds to your tight sensation. Things should already be getting better, but your tissues will continue to soften and feel more normal over several months. Complete resolution takes many months, and is every day gradual, and every week better!

It sounds as if your surgeon has tried to give you a nice, long-lasting result that you will appreciate for many years. If you felt "fine" right now, it would be good for "marketing" to your friends who might be prospective patients, but not in 6 months or several years when you wonder why you went through the surgery since you "don't look much better."

Minneapolis Plastic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 90 reviews

Neck tightness after neck lift.

+3

This is normal and will go away in several weeks. If it didn't feel tight to you there would have been too little removed.

Beverly Hills Facial Plastic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 10 reviews

I feel too tight following my facelift/necklift

+2

For the first one to two weeks, feeling like your face and neck is too tight is normal and expected in most cases. T'he temporary swelling makes this worse and more noticeable but should be expected to progressively go away.

Here are some helpful tips:

Localized lymphatic massage - your surgeon will demonstrate for you
Continued head elevation
Low Salt diet
No heavy lifting or intense exercise

Icing, Arnica or Bromelain will be of benefit early but much help after the first 1-2 weeks

Orange County Plastic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 31 reviews

Tightness after lower facelift

+2

The tightness and tension you feel are a normal part of the healing process and indicate that the surgeon has performed an adequate operation.  I know that it is uncomfortable but the tightness should abate as you continue to heal so be patient and let the healing take its course. Given that there are some complications noted by others on the forum which could occur, you should remain in close touch with your plastic surgeon during the initial postoperative period.

New York Plastic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 8 reviews

Tightness after facelift

+2

Recovery from most procedures requires patience and understanding that the body needs to heal.  It is very normal to have a sense of tightness just after surgery; it should definitely resolve .  Stay in close touch with your physician who will help you through the recovery period.

Monterey Plastic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 2 reviews

Swelling and tightness associated with lower facelift surgery

+2

Dear Lower Facelift Patient from New York,
Face and neck swelling and tightness one week post operative lower facelift surgery is normal. Swelling and numbness after any facelift surgery is expected and normal. Usually, most of the noticeable swelling is reduced within a couple of weeks, perhaps in some cases a couple of months. Initial icing will help to reduce swelling faster. Good luck and good healing
 

Web reference: http://www.galleryofcosmeticsurgery.com/face-procudures/face-lift.html

Orange County Facial Plastic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 70 reviews

Neck tightness after a facelift is normal

+2

Tightness across the neck is completely normal after a lower facelift. While your early neck tightness does seem more severe than most patients, this degree of tightness will not persist. Skin relaxation will occur particularly after the first few weeks. This may be uncomfortable right now but as each week passes, it will lessen. In the long run, this early nuisance will make for a better and more sustained result.

Web reference: http://www.facelift.com/

Indianapolis Plastic Surgeon
5.0 out of 5 stars 26 reviews

These answers are for educational purposes and should not be relied upon as a substitute for medical advice you may receive from your physician. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911. These answers do not constitute or initiate a patient/doctor relationship.

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