After RCT I want to save front enamel. I don't care about back appearance. Using same core build-up as for a crown, NOT bonding. Why a top onlay weaker than full crown? The enamel takes half the chew force, and onlay takes half. Like two tall buildings cemented together taking pressure from the top. Good flat interior base to pour build-up. Would be half a crown over half a core build-up attached to half a strong tooth. Rod in core now not needed as half tooth is strong and acts like a rod.
Save Tooth Enamel with Onlay Instead of Crown. Why Weaker Than Full Crown? SAME Core Build-up As for a Crown? (photo)
Doctor Answers (5)
Saving Tooth Enamel
You must have asked this same question at least 3 or 4 times already on this forum. After you have had your RCT, and after you have your core build-up, only then can the treating dentist decide as he is preparing the tooth as to exactly how much enamel, if any, has to be sacrificed for the strength of the tooth as a whole.
Onlay or Crown?
After root canal treatment, post and core recommended. Considering how short the tooth is and how much natural enamel in good shape, full crown restoration would be my recommendation for best treatment.
Could you do an onlay instead of a full crown? Yes, of course, but because of the severe loss of foundation and lack of solid, dependable tooth structure you are much more likely to have the onlay fail on you.
Onlay or crown?
Seeing your xray, i feel that lot of tooth structure is lost and after doing root canal a post may have to be placed for retention of the crown/onlay. The decision of either crown or onlay, can be made after your RC is done. The remaining tooth structure is evaluated by the dentist clinically and then he/she will decide what is best for you.
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CROWN VERSUS ONLAY?
From the pictures I am looking at, if you are asking for the restoration of choice for the seriously decayed and seriously broken down bicuspid, it would be a root canal, a post and a core build up and a full coverage crown. PERIOD. An onlay would not be a choice here. after all the decay is removed, there would not be that much enamel left to preserve. The little bit that would be left next to an onlay WILL BREAK under chewing forces. Guaranteed
Onlay verses Crown?
With an onlay the outer enamel will be thinner under chewing forces the crown may be much stronger over time... If you still don't agree do the onlay and when the tooth cracks move forward with the crown... providing the cracks in a good way and you can still do the crown good luck
Kevin Coughlin DMD, MBA, MAGD CEO Baystate Dental PC
These answers are for educational purposes and should not be relied upon as a substitute for medical advice you may receive from your physician. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911. These answers do not constitute or initiate a patient/doctor relationship.