Expanders and Radiation
- Asked by DJM 1934 in Columbus, OH
- 2 years ago
I had double masectomy Sept 29 and expanders at same time. Have had much pain with right expander and must have 30 radiation treatments after chemo is finished. Radiation therapist now says expanders should never have been put in when radiation is going to be needed. The left tumor was 7cm and right 3.5cm. What should I do?
Radiation and expanders
Your current situation is not rare. If radiation is not anticipated at the time of mastectomy, expanders can be placed. An experienced radiation oncologist should be able to radiate with an expander present. If there is an issue, your plastic surgeon can deflate the expander prior to radiation. However, not that you are undergoing radiation, I highly recommend you talk to your board certified palstic surgeon about replacing the expander with your own body's tissue. The complication rate is extremely high for expanders and implants after radiation because the tissue will no longer be pliable and leads to implant exposure and subsequent infection.
Expanders and radiation
It is not written in stone, but as a rule, expanders are not particularly recommended in the presence of radiation. I would avoid further surgery for 6-12 months following your radiation treatment and then consider replacing the expanders with your own tissue (commonly from the back or the abdomen).
This sort of treatment is often long and may require several operations. This forum is no replacement for a face to face consultation with a plastic surgeon who you can trust to look after you and guide you through this. Good luck.
Expander and radiation
Implants are rarely recommended to be used alone in a radiated breast unless it is combined with another flap for coverage. To get more volume in a radiated field you need to use your own tissue. A TRAM flap is just one tool used in breast reconstruction. It sacrifices your stomach muscle but provides fat on a leash to your breast.. Another is a DIEP flap which also uses your belly tissue but does not sacrifice your stomach muscles. It essentially uses the same tissue that would be discarded in a tummy tuck but relocates the tissue to create a breast. A third option is the Latisimus flap (back muscle); its best use is along with an implant. These "autologous" tissue (your own tissue) can be used in any breast reconstruction. Women prefer it because it is their own tissue. It is also an excellent option for someone who has had radiation. You should consult with a plastic surgeon who offers all three of these methods as well as the implants, so that you have the best choice of options.
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Expanders and Radiation
This issue is very controversial. The concept is to preserve the skin envelope during the radiation therapy then perform the definitive reconstruction afterward. The problem is that many radiation therapists do not feel comfortable radiating the area with a tissue expander in place. Further if the expander gets infected during your therapy then there will be an interruption of your radiation. Not sure what you can do at this point but check with your plastic surgeon.
Breast reconstruction and radiation
in certain instances, tissue expanders may be placed at the time of mastectomy for women who will be undergoing post-mastectomy radiation therapy. Although the expanders may be removed and replaced with a woman's own tissue (abdomen-diep flap, thighs-tug flap, buttocks-sgap, back-latissimus or tap flap).
Expanders prior to radiation
Expanders are put placed in your breasts even if you are going to receive radiation postoperatively. THe expander acts as a spacer and prevents your breasts from contracting during the radiation period.
Radiation and tissue expanders for breast reconstruction
The short answer is you might be OK especially if Alloderm was used when the expanders were put in since this seems to have a protective effect against capsular contracture, which is the risk with radiation and implants. Wait and see before deciding.
Placement of Tissue Expanders and Radiation therapy.
It is not wrong to place a temporary tissue expander implant should you need postoperative radiation therapy. All of my radiation oncologists (trained from our nation's top tertiary care cancer centers) feel comfortable providing radiation therapy when there is an implant in place. In some cases, depending on the tumor location and chest wall anatomy, we may take volume out of the tissue expander implant to facilitate radiation therapy. On even a more rarer occasion, a radiation oncologist may even recommend tissue expander deflation. Perhaps you should get a second opinion with a different radiation oncologist at a different center. And remember, the worse case scenario is that you would have to remove your expander implant which is an in-and-out 15 minute or less procedure. So don't worry, you have many options. Approximately 6-12 months after your radiation treatment, I would generally recommend removal of your temporary radiated implant and definitive delayed reconstruction with your own tissue such s a DIEP or TRAM flap or a latissimus flap + implant procedure. Please review my answers on breast reconstruction and radiation for more information. Best of luck.
Web reference: http://www.breastreconstructionhouston.com
Expanders and radiation
Radiation can cause problems with tissues that are going to be expanded. It often impairs the reconstruction because of the radiation injury. If this happens, other treatment options are available including pedicled flaps like a latissimu dorsi and implant, a TRAM or even a DIEP.
Cosult your breast surgeon, plastic surgeon radiation oncologist, and ALL of them must talk to each other and make a recommendation that best fits your case. All your doctors should communicate with each other to reach a plan of treatment. That is how cancer should be approached. You need to take charge of your medical care and have trust in your team, otherwise seek a second opinion from all the specialties involved.
These answers are for educational purposes and should not be relied upon as a substitute for medical advice you may receive from your physician. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911. These answers do not constitute or initiate a patient/doctor relationship.