If I see flakes does it mean I have dandruff or maybe its just dry scalp? Is there a difference between dandruff and dry scalp?
Dandruff Vs. Dry Scalp, What's the Difference?
Doctor Answers 2
Dandruff versus dry scalp
Dry scalp is due to loss of moisture from the skin and can be caused by the application of soap, strong detergents, cold weather, product build up, or hard water. Signs and symptoms are itching and small white flakes that come off easily. Dry scalp can be treated by using natural remedies such as apple cider vinegar rinses to help remove build up left behind by shampoos, conditioners, and other hair products. You can also do a light scalp message using natural oils such as extra virgin olive oil.
No significant difference
Dry scalp and dandruff are both often manifestations of seborrheic dermatitis, a skin condition that can cause dry or waxy flakes on the scalp. It can sometimes also cause a pink rash on the eyebrows or folds of the cheeks which can be scaly.
Consult a board-certified dermatologist to assess your scalp and recommend treatment, since some causes of flaking on the scalp (like psoriasis) may have implications for skin elsewhere on your body or other health issues.
Treatment often consists of an anti-fungal (Nizoral) or anti-inflammatory (T-Gel) shampoo. Topicals steroids (in the form of drops or foams) are also often helpful on the scalp for flareups. Since steroids require a prescription and can have side effects, they should be used under the care of your doctor if your scalp condition is severe enough to require them.