Are Blood Tests Mandatory Before Surgery?
- Asked 3 years ago
From reading other stories i was under the impression that i would have blood work done at my pre-surgical appointment. But when i went the nurse went over my history, checked my blood pressure, lungs, heart, etc. and looked down at her paper and said ok your all set to meet with the anesthesialogist your Doctor didn't order any blood work. Is that ok? Should i be concerned? My Tummy tuck and breast augmentation surgery is next week and i am starting to get really nervous.
Blood Tests Before Surgery
Many agree that routine blood testing prior to surgery in young, healthy patients (say less than 30 years old) is not necessary. While to a certain extent that may be true, I feel otherwise. I require a CBC (complete blood count) prior to surgery on ALL patients. This is to check for anemia (uncommon but I probably advise 10% of patients to begin iron supplements before surgery) but also to check the white cell count (an indicator of infection) espcially when placing a foreign body (breast implants) during surgery.
One may have an asymptomatic infection (urinary tract is the most common) and I would like to know that prior to putting in implants to avoid seeding the implants. An elevated white cell count may be the earliest indicator of this prior to symptoms. If an implant becomes infected, there is a very likely chance that it's removal may be required in order to adequately treat the infection. I want to avoid that at all costs.
I do not believe that any other lab tests are required up to the age of 50 (in acccordance with the guidelines of the American Society of Anesthesiologists) unless there are medical conditions that warrant them. After 50, I require a CBC and EKG (done within a year). Some surgeons will require only a pregnancy test for child-bearing age females prior to surgery. Depending on when this is done, this may truly be the most unnecessary test.
Most physicians require patients to come in for a "Pre-Op" consultation a week or 2 prior to surgery. If the pregnancy test is done then, then you know that the patient is not pregnant then. In the interim week or 2 until surgery, the patient could be sexually active and may become pregnant. If the test is done on the morning of surgery (typically a urine test in the surgical facility, not a blood test), these are notoriously inaccurate in detecting very early pregnancies (say with in a week or 2), so why bother. Each surgeon has his/her own opinion about these things and I think you just need to trust what your surgeon recommends you do.
Pre-operative blood tests
In healthy patients younger than thirty a pregnancy test is usually all that is required. However, some hospitals and surgical centers often require more extensive testing. For patients older than 30, we generally require a CBC, BMP, and PT/PTT. If you have any respiratory or cardiac issues, then we require a medical clearance from your medical doctor and also an EKG and a chest Xray. Your medical doctor may also decide to order more extensive tests as well. Good luck with your procedure.
Web reference: http://www.ShaferPlasticSurgery.com
Preoperative testing will vary with your surgeon and the facility
For healthy young women (under age 30 with no medical problems) having short procedures with limited blood loss and anesthesia time (breast augmentation), most surgeons and facilities would not require any testing at all, other than a pregnancy test done in timely fashion.
Similarly, most would agree that patients over 40 or 50, or those with medical problems, would benefit from testing before undergoing surgery.
The gray area therefore, is between the ages of 30 and 40....
How to best prepare and evaluate a patient before surgery under these circumstances will depend on your surgeon, his or her experiences in the past, the facility the procedure will be performed in, and the preferences of the anesthesia provider involved in your care.
In other words, it would not necessarily be inappropriate to require some testing under these circumstances- nor would it be inappropriate to NOT require testing if your surgeon, anesthesia provider and facility did not feel it was necessary for you given the procedure you were having.
As I say so very often, your best bet is to do your homework carefully, find a surgeon and situation you like and feel you can trust, and then DO trust that they will recommend what is in your best interests and most likely to keep you safe.
Web reference: http://www.DrArmandoSoto.com
Your age and health status is relevant
Not every body need to have blood work and anesthesialogist will follow guide lines based on the surgery, age and risk factors. You should be able to discuss your concerns with your plastic surgeon rather than asking other doctors. You are about to let your surgeon operate on you and you should be able to talk to your doctor freely about any concerns that you have.
Blood tests are often unnecessary for tummy tuck and breast augmentation
If you are healthy and relatively young a blood test is not necessary for a breast augmentation or a tummy tuck procedure. Those who are on medication or have a history of anemia deserve a check beforehand, and those with a medical condition may require a checkup by their doctor for a medical clearance for surgery. A 'clearance' means that your medical condition is stable and well managed at the time and will not conflict with your procedure. Chest x-rays are a thing of the past. We do perform a urine pregnancy test on all of child bearing age the morning of the procedure.
Best of luck,
It is better to be safe than sorry with pre-operative blood work
I have all of my patients get blood work if they are having anesthesia. This is true for someone 18 years old to someone 75 years old. A simple work-up is easy to do, minimally inconvenient and can potentially pick up a problem that could be exacerbated by a surgical procedure or anesthetic. It is better to be safe than sorry!
Blood work often times is not necessary
In healthy patients under the age of thirty-five, without significant past medical problems, routine blood work isn't usually indicated. Assuming the patient hasn't had a tubal ligation or hysterectomy, the only lab work that we will require is a pregnancy test and that's usually obtained on the morning of surgery.
Hope this helps. Best of luck.
Blood Tests Prior To Surgery?
Thank you for the question.
You'll find that every practice has a different routine when it comes to pre-operative appointments. This includes blood tests that are ordered. For most young, healthy patients minimal to no blood work is necessary. For example, often a hemoglobin check and a pregnancy test may be all that is indicated for a young healthy patient undergoing “mommy makeover” surgery.
In our practice, during the preoperative visit ( typically done several weeks prior to surgery) patients are given a list of do's and don'ts that will help them get through the surgery and recovery safely. We review their medical history and obtain any necessary preoperative workup necessary. This may include EKG and/or laboratory values depending on the patient's specific situation.
We will also discuss diagnosis and treatment options/plan as well as the potential risks/complications associated with the planned procedure. Informed consent is obtained verbally and in written form.
"Dos and don'ts" regarding the use of medications, alcohol, nicotine, foods etc. are reviewed in detail ((before and after surgery)
Prescriptions are provided for postoperative medications after reviewing patient allergies.
Relevant pictures are taken. “Goal pictures” ( of what the patient wishes to look like, and NOT look like) are reviewed again.
Details about the day before (NPO status) and the day of surgery are reviewed.
Often patients have concerns about anesthesia and these are addressed as well. They are reminded that they will be treated by well experienced board-certified anesthesiologists who work with our team routinely. They will be monitored very carefully both in the operating room and in the recovery room.
Patients are often concerned/anxious and we try to provide them with “relaxation techniques” to use prior to surgery.
The patient's aftercare plans are reviewed carefully; depending on the procedure, home nursing is also arranged. The patient's family members/ and friends are engaged and instructed as well.
Whenever possible, I ask to see patients the day before surgery for preoperative markings.
I hope this helps.
Preoperative blood tests
I insist that all patients about to undergo surgery have recent blood tests. Although there is most often no abnormality, the rare finding of something unhealthy such as anemia or a blood clotting defect is worth the mimal cost of the exams and can prevent unforseen complications.
Required lab work
Unless a particular hospital has "required" labs, for most small surgical procedures (such as breast augmentation) in a young healthy woman, the only necessary lab study is a pregnancy test. For procedures where a large potential space is created (such as a tummy tuck, or any intra-abdominal operation), I like to check the patients blood count to be sure a wide safety margin exists. (If bleeding were to occur after surgery, in procedures where a large space exists a significant amount of blood could be lost before it is identified, and I think it is wise to know that we have a safe "buffer".) The finial decision on what labs are appropriate depend on your health, the procedure, and the opinion of your surgeon and anesthesiologist.
Web reference: http://www.drmichaelbogdan.com/
These answers are for educational purposes and should not be relied upon as a substitute for medical advice you may receive from your physician. If you have a medical emergency, please call 911. These answers do not constitute or initiate a patient/doctor relationship.